Printmaker Maria Lunney has been producing Random Dot Field Etchings, Stereograms, lithographs and films for more than 20 years.
Graduating from the Victorian College of the Arts with a Bachelor of Fine Art and a Graduate Diploma of Fine Art majoring in Printmaking in 1996 and a Masters in Visual Arts majoring in Printmaking and experimental film and video from The Queensland College of Arts in 2002.
The artist developed an obsession with Random dot fields, binocular vision, parallactic stereo displacement, stereoscopic curiosities and cyclopean perception. She has exhibited Stereoscopic projects in Paris and Australia.
During an Australia Council new media arts residency in Paris the artist produced and exhibited a project of anaglyph random dot field etchings, anaglyphic etchings, photographic stereographic images for viewing in antique stereoscopes and a collaborative multimedia film project with the Parisian duo Art Oriente Objet.
During a Cite International Des Arts residency awarded from The Art Gallery of NSW the artist produced a large stereoscopic RDF anaglyph project and exhibited this in Paris. The artist also worked on another collaborative project with Art Oriente Objet.
The Artwork presented in Out Front utilizes another way to view a stereo pair: to have them occupy the same space, but distinguished so that each is visible only to its proper eye, and not to the other. This single image random dots stereograms are created using algorithms deployed to represent a three dimensional scene. Results of these algorithms are two dimensional pictures but they do carry the vivid depth information – the third dimension in the real three dimensional world – that can not be obtained explicitly with other two-dimensional pictures.
Mathematical formulae has been used to generate depth maps where the depth at each pixel is a function of x and y. Stereogram fractals can be created this way. Once this depth map is created, the next stage is to apply an algorithm to create a stereogram with the same depth pattern. This stereogram is called an anaglyph. The two images are separated by polarization. In the case of the polarized technique the left and right image are projected with a perpendicular polarized light pair. The anaglyph glasses are used to transmit the image pairs. The Red is invisible through the red lens, and the green is invisible through the green/blue lens. The use of the anaglyph glasses aids the viewer to analyze the image so that each eye see its own image.
For the last 10 years the artist has been working on a stereoscopic multimedia project creating RDF anaglyphs, stereographic prints, etchings, films and animations and a virtual reality platform project for future exhibition.